Prof. Hai Zhao’s Paper Got Full Mark at ICLR 2020

Released Time: 2019-12-22

Paper written by Prof. Hai Zhao and his partners got full mark at ICLR 2020, a top conference in the field of deep learning. ICLR 2020 will be held at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on April 26,2020. It received 2594 papers and accepted 687, 34 of which got full mark.


Their paper is titled “Data-dependent Gaussian Prior Objective for Language Generation”. Below is the abstract:


For typical sequence prediction problems such as language generation, maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) has commonly been adopted as it encourages the predicted sequence most consistent with the ground-truth sequence to have the highest probability of occurring. However, MLE focuses on once-to-all matching between the predicted sequence and gold-standard, consequently treating all incorrect predictions as being equally incorrect. We refer to this drawback as {\it negative diversity ignorance} in this paper. Treating all incorrect predictions as equal unfairly downplays the nuance of these sequences' detailed token-wise structure. To counteract this, we augment the MLE loss by introducing an extra Kullback--Leibler divergence term derived by comparing a data-dependent Gaussian prior and the detailed training prediction. The proposed data-dependent Gaussian prior objective (D2GPo) is defined over a prior topological order of tokens and is poles apart from the data-independent Gaussian prior (L2 regularization) commonly adopted in smoothing the training of MLE. Experimental results show that the proposed method makes effective use of a more detailed prior in the data and has improved performance in typical language generation tasks, including supervised and unsupervised machine translation, text summarization, storytelling, and image captioning.

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